What is an IP address?
An IP address, or Internet Protocol address, is a unique numerical label assigned to every device connected to a computer network that uses the Internet Protocol for communication. Essentially, it's a way for devices to identify and communicate with each other on the internet.
There are two main types of IP addresses: IPv4 and IPv6. IPv4 addresses are 32-bit numbers that are typically written in a dotted decimal format, such as 192.168.0.1. IPv6 addresses, on the other hand, are 128-bit numbers written in hexadecimal format, such as 2001:0db8:85a3:0000:0000:8a2e:0370:7334.
Each device on a network must have a unique IP address in order to communicate with other devices and access the internet. Without an IP address, a device would not be able to communicate with other devices or access the internet.
IP addresses are assigned by internet service providers (ISPs) or network administrators, depending on the type of network a device is connected to. They can be static, meaning they remain the same over time, or they can be dynamic, meaning they are assigned by a network server and can change periodically.
In summary, an IP address is a unique numerical label that allows devices to identify and communicate with each other on a network using the Internet Protocol. It is an essential component of how the internet functions and allows devices to access and exchange information.